Meaning of the name – black mountain (in native language: Crna Gora/ whyf ujhf)
Capital: Podgorica (and largest city)
Government form: Parliamentary republic (head of government and head of state are clearly differentiated)
Constitution: Adopted October 19, 2007 and proclaimed October 22, 2007.
Independence: June 3, 2006 (declared by parliament after referendum in favor of independence from state union of Serbia and Montenegro
President: Filip Vujanovic (the first president of Montenegro since the split of ties with Serbia, currently serving his second presidential term).
Prime Minister: Milo Đukanović (currently on his 5th term, with a secured 6th term in office).
Language (official): Montenegrin (South Slavic language).
Commonly spoken foreign languages: After Russian and English the most widely spoken foreign languages are Italian (for geographical reasons) and German (due to the relatively large number of German speaking tourists)
Area: 13,812 sq. km.
Population: 678,177 (July 2009 estimation)
Ethnic groups (2003 census): Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 31%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, Muslim 5%, Croatian 1%, Roma 0.5%.
Religions (2003 census): Orthodox 74%, Muslim 18%, Roman Catholic 4%.